Caesarea

   Chief city of Cappadocia (q.v.). Basil the Great (q.v.), the great church father of the fourth century, was born in Caesarea and was one of the so-called Cappadocian church fathers, along with Gregory of Nazianzos and Gregory of Nyssa (qq.v.). Its strategic location astride a major road network explains its fate at the hands of Persian and Arab (qq.v.) invaders. Despite Justinian I's rebuilding of its walls, the Persians under Chosroes II (q.v.) captured and burned the city in 611. The Arabs captured it briefly in 646. In the 10th century Caesarea was the center of the Phokas family; two of them, Nikephoros II Phokas and Bardas Phokas (qq.v.), were proclaimed emperor (q.v.). The Danishmendids (q.v.) conquered the city in 1092.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • CAESAREA — CAESAREA, ancient city on the coast midway between Tel AVIV and Haifa. From Ancient Times to the Mamluks Caesarea was originally called Straton s Tower after its founder Straton (Abd Ashtart), who was probably a ruler of Sidon in the 4th century… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Caesarea —   [lateinisch »die Kaiserliche«], griechisch Kaisạreia, Name mehrerer Städte des Römischen Reiches zu Ehren eines Kaisers:    1) Caesarea Cappadociae, in Zentralanatolien, Hauptstadt von Kappadokien, heute Kayseri.    2) Caesarea Mauret …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Caesarea —     Caesarea     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Caesarea     A Latin titular see, and the seat of a residential Armenian bishopric, in Cappadocia (Asia Minor). The native name of this city was Mazaka, after Mosoch, the legendary Cappadocian hero. It… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Caesarea — [ses΄ə rē′ə, sez΄ə rē′ə, sē΄zərē′ə] 1. seaport in ancient Palestine, on the Mediterranean, south of Haifa, Israel: Roman capital of Palestine 2. city in ancient Palestine, near Mt. Hermon: also Caesarea Philippi 3. ancient name for KAYSERI …   English World dictionary

  • Caesarea — Latin city name derived from CAESAR (Cf. Caesar), applied in honor of the emperors to some new and existing cities in the Roman Empire, including Kayseri, Turkey; Shaizar, Syria, and Cherchell, Algeria (representing a French spelling of an Arabic …   Etymology dictionary

  • Caesarea — For other uses, see Caesarea (disambiguation). Caesarea Caesarea Maritima Hebrew …   Wikipedia

  • Caesarea — Den Namen Caesarea trugen folgende in der Antike zu Ehren Caesars oder eines römischen Kaisers benannte Städte: in der kleinasiatischen Landschaft Kappadokien, siehe Kayseri; an der Mittelmeerküste Israels, siehe Caesarea Maritima; am… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Caesarea — /see zeuh ree euh, ses euh , sez euh /, n. 1. an ancient seaport in NW Israel: Roman capital of Palestine. 2. ancient name of Kayseri. * * * modern Ḥorbat Qesari Ancient seaport, Palestine. Located on the coast of present day Israel south of the… …   Universalium

  • CAESAREA — I. CAESAREA Mauritaniae urbs. Plin l. 3. c. 3. Cabo Figalo Pineto. In Africa. Celebris in Histor. Rom. Afris dicta Tiguident, seu vetus urbs, a Califis destructa, A. C. 959. Rudera magnitudinem loquuntur. Sub Arabibus, divitiis Academiisque, unde …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Caesarea — noun Name of numerous cities and locations in the Roman Empire, among them Caesarea Mazaca, capital of Cappadocia (modern Kayseri) and Caesarea Maritima, capital of province Palestine …   Wiktionary

  • Caesarea — Built on the coast by Herod the Great in honour of Caesar Augustus; it became the official residence of Roman prefects. Its inhabitants were both Jews and Gentiles, and the Christian way was brought there by Philip (Acts 8:40; 21:8). Peter became …   Dictionary of the Bible

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